Performance of multi-level modulation in MMSE receiver based CDMA systems Conference Paper uri icon


  • This paper studies the effect of using higher order modulation formats in the performance of minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) receiver based direct-sequence (DS) code-division multiple access (CDMA) systems in terms of bit error rate (BER) at different loading levels in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and slow fading channels. The performance of BPSK, QPSK, and 16QAM modulation formats are compared and analytical and simulation results are presented in terms of the symbol error rates for these different modulation formats. A comparison of the rejection of the near-far effects for each modulation scheme is also presented. Under high loading level, 16QAM outperforms QPSK and BPSK for identical bandwidth and information rate while at a moderate loading levels, QPSK represents the best option.

published proceedings

  • Proceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM

author list (cited authors)

  • Almutairi, A. F., Latchman, H. A., & Miller, S. L.

complete list of authors

  • Almutairi, AF||Latchman, HA||Miller, SL

publication date

  • December 1999