Bacteria Identification by phage induced impedance fluctuation analysis (BIPIF) Academic Article uri icon


  • We present a new method for detecting and identifying bacteria by measuring impedance fluctuations (impedance noise) caused by ion release by the bacteria during phage infestation. This new method significantly increases the measured signal strength and reduces the negative effects of drift, material aging, surface imperfections, 1/f potential fluctuations, thermal noise, and amplifier noise. Comparing BIPIF with another well-known method, bacteria detection by SEnsing of Phage Triggered Ion Cascades (SEPTIC), we find that the BIPIF algorithm is easier to implement, more stable and significantly more sensitive (by several orders of magnitude). We project that by using the BIPIF method detection of a single bacterium will be possible. 2013 IFSA.

published proceedings

  • Sensors and Transducers

author list (cited authors)

  • Schmera, G., & Kish, L. B.

complete list of authors

  • Schmera, G||Kish, LB

publication date

  • July 2013