Enhancement of four-wave mixing and line narrowing by use of quantum coherence in an optically dense double-? solid.
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We have demonstrated enhanced nondegenerate four-wave mixing by use of a resonant probe in a double- ? system consisting of an optically dense spectral hole-burning solid. The observed probe diffraction efficiency is ~16% in amplitude at 6 K, which is higher than for an off-resonant probe in a ? -type scheme. We have also observed two-photon coherence line narrowing, which has potential application to high-resolution spectroscopy.