High-sensitivity spin-based electrometry with an ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond
Additional Document Info
2017 American Physical Society. We demonstrate a spin-based, all-dielectric electrometer based on an ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy (NV-) defects in diamond. An applied electric field causes energy-level shifts symmetrically away from the NV-'s degenerate triplet states via the Stark effect; this symmetry provides immunity to temperature fluctuations allowing for shot-noise-limited detection. Using an ensemble of NV-s, we demonstrate shot-noise-limited sensitivities approaching 1 (V/cm)/Hz under ambient conditions, at low frequencies (<10 Hz), and over a large dynamic range (20 dB). A theoretical model for the ensemble of NV-s fits well with measurements of the ground-state electric susceptibility parameter (k). Implications of spin-based, dielectric sensors for micron-scale electric-field sensing are discussed.