Impact of Renewable Distributed Generation on Power Systems
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The traditional approach in electric power generation is to have centralized plants distributing electricity through an extensive transmission & distribution network. Distributed generation (DG) provides electric power at a site closer to the customer, eliminating the unnecessary transmission and distribution costs. In addition, it can reduce fossil fuel emissions, defer capital cost, reduce maintenance investments and improve the distribution feeder voltage conditions. In the case of small residential photovoltaic (PV) and wind systems, the actual generator locations and DG penetration level are usually not apriori known. The following study attempts to calculate the boundaries of the impact of randomly placed distributed generators on a distribution feeder. Monte Carlo simulations are performed, and boundaries for overall improvements are determined. The study shows that the knowledge of total penetration of small PV systems is sufficient to estimate the effects of DG on the feeder.