Global Leaders in East and West: Do all Global Leaders Lead in the Same Way? Academic Article uri icon


  • This study compares multi-rater leadership evaluations of 1,748 executives in 10 national clusters to determine whether leaders in the East and West display different global leadership behavioral patterns. Data were collected via the Global Executive Leadership Inventory (GELI), which measures 12 dimensions of global leadership behaviors. The 360-degree GELI also provided feedback data from the executives' 13,166 superiors, peers, and subordinates. Based on multilevel modeling analysis of self-ratings and observer ratings, findings indicated that the executives generally display similar patterns of global leadership behavior, but there are significant cultural differences on some leadership dimensions. 2014 by Nancy.

published proceedings

  • Advances in Global Leadership

author list (cited authors)

  • Agrawal, A., & Rook, C.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Agrawal, Anupam||Rook, Caroline

publication date

  • July 2014