Boundary and mixed friction in the presence of dynamic normal loads: part I - system model Academic Article uri icon


  • The instantaneous normal motion between bodies in a sliding contact is an important variable in determining dynamic friction under unsteady sliding conditions. In order to model friction under dynamic conditions, it is therefore necessary to combine a dynamic model of the sliding system with an accurate model of the friction process. In the present work, the nonlinear normal dynamics of a friction test apparatus are described by a linearized model at a particular steady loading and sliding condition in a mixed or boundary-lubricated regime. The geometry is a line contact. The Hertzian bulk contact compliance and film and asperity damping and stiffness characteristics are included as discrete elements. In Part I of the paper, a fifth-order model is developed for the normal dynamics of the system, using both the Eigen-system Realization Algorithm (ERA) and classical experimental modal analysis techniques. In Part II, this system model is combined with a friction model, developed independently, to describe dynamic friction forces under both harmonic and impulsive applied normal loads.

author list (cited authors)

  • Polycarpou, A. A., & Soom, A.

publication date

  • December 1994