Commutational output feedback control for disk drive ramp loading Academic Article uri icon


  • The feasibility of a ramp load controller using a conventional disk drive actuator is investigated. The controller eliminates the necessity of increased material requirements common in ramp load disk drives. Therefore, disk drives with lower cost, higher performance actuators can realize the linear shock protection benefits of ramp loading. A disk drive designed with a conventional actuator is outfitted with a ramp and optimized for ramp load operation. While on the ramp, there exists a set in the state space where the actuator dynamics are uncontrollable. An input commutation is required within the uncontrollable region to sustain the direction of actuator motion. Additionally, the motor torque factor, magnetic restoration bias, and friction torque are nonlinear and can be represented by functions that are Lipschitz within the actuator ramp angle. A state trajectory is generated that, when tracked, moves the actuator through the uncontrollable set for a successful load onto the disk at the desired load velocity. Because position and velocity information are not available during a load maneuver, an output feedback controller is necessary. A stable, output feedback tracking controller is designed to track the trajectory and handle the nonlinear effects. A unique disk drive is manufactured and experiments are performed to verify the complete ramp loading design strategy.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Ratliff, R. T., & Pagilla, P. R.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Ratliff, Ryan T||Pagilla, Prabhakar R

publication date

  • March 2008