The Effect of Cell-Phone User on Driver Attention
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Driving safety is increasingly a major issue in transportation systems. One of major culprits in this respect is driver distraction or inattention. Driving inattention, which can be caused by drowsiness as well as the use of devices such as cell-phones while driving increases crash/near-crash risk . In fact among all causes of distraction, cell phone driving continues to be a major issue that impacts transportation safety since this is a matter that can be regulated through policy decisions. The empirical evidence in this regard continues to underline the gravity of the situation. In 2009, there were 5474 people (or approximately 12% of all traffic fatalities) killed by distracted drivers, and 995 of them were considered to have been killed by those drivers who were using cell phone during driving . This paper considers the relation between driving safety and cell-phone using. We propose a way to estimate drivers' attention by measuring their electroencepholography (EEG) signal to estimate the inattention index. Copyright © 2012 by ASME.
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