Identification and Prediction of Force Coefficients in a Five-Pad and Four-Pad Tilting Pad Bearing for Load-on-Pad and Load-Between-Pad Configurations
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This paper presents the identification of the rotordynamic force coefficients for direct lubrication five-pad and four-pad tilting pad bearings. The bearing is 110 mm in diameter with a L/D of 0.4 pad axial length (44 mm). The experiments include load-on-pad and load-between-pad configurations, with 0.5 and 0.6 pivot offsets, for rotor speeds ranging from 7500 rpm to 15,000 rpm. The bearing force coefficients are identified from multiple frequency excitations (20-300 Hz) exerted on the bearing housing by a pair of hydraulic shakers and are presented as a function of the excitation frequency and rotor speed for a 300 kPa unit load. The experimental results also include temperatures at the trailing edge of three pads. The direct force coefficients, identified from curve-fits of the complex dynamic stiffness, are frequency independent if considering an added mass term much smaller than the test device modal mass. The force coefficients from the four-pad bearing load-between-pad configuration show similar coefficients in the loaded and orthogonal directions. On the other hand, as expected, the five-pad bearing load-on-pad shows larger coefficients (∼25%) in the loaded direction. The maximum pad temperature recorded for the 0.5 pivot offset configurations is up to 20°C higher than those associated to the 0.6 offset configuration. Results from a predictive code are within 50% of the experimental results for the direct stiffness coefficients and within 30% for the direct damping coefficients. © 2011 American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
author list (cited authors)
Delgado, A., Vannini, G., Ertas, B., Drexel, M., & Naldi, L.