Estimation of Location and Orientation From Range Measurements
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© 2015 by ASME. Localization is an important required task for enabling vehicle autonomy. Localization entails the determination of the position of the center of mass and orientation of a vehicle from the available measurements. In this paper, we focus on localization by using the range measurements available to a vehicle from the communication of its multiple onboard receivers with roadside beacons. The model proposed for measurement is as follows: The true distance between a receiver and a beacon is at most equal to a predetermined function of the range measurement. The proposed procedure for localization is as follows: Based on the range measurements specific to a receiver from the beacons, a finite LP (linear programming) is proposed to estimate the location of the receiver. The estimate is essentially the Chebychev center of the set of possible locations of the receiver. In the second step, the location estimates of the vehicle are corrected using rigid body motion constraints and the orientation of the rigid body is thus determined. Two numerical examples provided at the end corroborate the procedures developed in this paper.
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