Scalar length scales and spatial averaging effects in turbulent piloted methane/air jet flames
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© 2004 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. The effects of spatial averaging in measurements of scalar variance and scalar dissipation in three piloted methane/air jet flames (Sandia flames C, D, and E) are investigated. Line imaging of Raman scattering, Rayleigh scattering, and laser-induced CO fluorescence is applied to obtain simultaneous single-shot measurements of temperature, the mass fractions of all major species, and mixture fraction, ξ, along 7-mm segments. Spatial filters are applied to ensembles of instantaneous profiles to quantify effects of spatial averaging on the Favre mean and variance of mixture fraction and scalar dissipation at several locations in the three flames. The radial contribution to scalar dissipation, χr = 2Dξ (∂ξ/∂r)2, is calculated from the filtered instantaneous profiles. The variance of mixture fraction tends to decrease linearly with increasing filter width, while the mean and variance of scalar dissipation are observed to follow an exponential dependence. In each case, the observed functional dependence is used to extrapolate to zero filter width, yielding estimates of the ''fully resolved'' profiles of measured quantities. Length scales for resolution of scalar variance and scalar dissipation are also extracted from the spatial filtering analysis and compared with length scales obtained from spatial autocorrelations. These results provide new insights on the small scale structure of turbulent jet flames and on the spatial resolution requirements for measurements of scalar variance and scalar dissipation.
author list (cited authors)
Barlow, R. S., & Karpetis, A. N.