An iterative proper orthogonal decomposition (I-POD) technique with application to the filtering of partial differential equations
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In this paper, we consider the filtering of systems governed by partial differential equations (PDE).We adopt a reduced order model (ROM) based strategy to solve the problem. We propose an iterative version of the snapshot proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) technique, termed I-POD, to sequentially construct a single ROM for PDEs that is capable of capturing their behavior over the entire state space of the system, and not just around the snapshot trajectory. Further, the technique is entirely data based, and is applicable to forced as well as unforced systems. The I-POD is compared to two other ROM techniques: the Balanced POD ( BPOD) and the dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). We apply the ROM generated using the I-POD technique to construct reduced order Kalman filters to solve the filtering problem. The methodology is tested on several 1-dimensional PDEs of interest including the heat equation, the wave equation and 2-dimensional pollutant transport equation.
Advances in the Astronautical Sciences
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Yu, D., & Chakravorty, S.
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