Feedback instruments: Generating musical sounds, gestures, and textures in real time with complex feedback systems Conference Paper uri icon


  • After an introductory survey of how feedback appears in common musical processes and situations, interactive compositions by the author are described, which have later been incorporated in complex feedback systems. In such systems, software is able to take on a voice of its own and become responsive more like an instrument than a composition. This highlights aspects of the changing roles of the composer and computer in musical creation and performance. A general model of feedback instruments is drawn from observations made in developing and performing these works in the past two years.

published proceedings

  • International Computer Music Conference, ICMC 2007

author list (cited authors)

  • Morris, J. M

complete list of authors

  • Morris, JM

publication date

  • January 2007