Cardiomyocytes mediate anti-angiogenesis in type 2 diabetic rats through the exosomal transfer of miR-320 into endothelial cells.
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Exosomes, nano-vesicles naturally released from living cells, have been well recognized to play critical roles in mediating cell-to-cell communication. Given that diabetic hearts exhibit insufficient angiogenesis, it is significant to test whether diabetic cardiomyocyte-derived exosomes possess any capacity in regulating angiogenesis. In this study, we first observed that both proliferation and migration of mouse cardiac endothelial cells (MCECs) were inhibited when co-cultured with cardiomyocytes isolated from adult Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a commonly used animal model of type 2 diabetes. However, GK-myocyte-mediated anti-angiogenic effects were negated upon addition of GW4869, an inhibitor of exosome formation/release, into the co-cultures. Next, exosomes were purified from the myocyte culture supernatants by differential centrifugation. While exosomes derived from GK myocytes (GK-exosomes) displayed similar size and molecular markers (CD63 and CD81) to those originated from the control Wistar rat myocytes (WT-exosomes), their regulatory role in angiogenesis is opposite. We observed that the MCEC proliferation, migration and tube-like formation were inhibited by GK-exosomes, but were promoted by WT-exosomes. Mechanistically, we found that GK-exosomes encapsulated higher levels of miR-320 and lower levels of miR-126 compared to WT-exosomes. Furthermore, GK-exosomes were effectively taken up by MCECs and delivered miR-320. In addition, transportation of miR-320 from myocytes to MCECs could be blocked by GW4869. Importantly, the exosomal miR-320 functionally down-regulated its target genes (IGF-1, Hsp20 and Ets2) in recipient MCECs, and overexpression of miR-320 inhibited MCEC migration and tube formation. GK exosome-mediated inhibitory effects on angiogenesis were removed by knockdown of miR-320. Together, these data indicate that cardiomyocytes exert an anti-angiogenic function in type 2 diabetic rats through exosomal transfer of miR-320 into endothelial cells. Thus, our study provides a novel mechanism underlying diabetes mellitus-induced myocardial vascular deficiency which may be caused by secretion of anti-angiogenic exosomes from cardiomyocyes.
author list (cited authors)
Wang, X., Huang, W., Liu, G., Cai, W., Millard, R. W., Wang, Y., ... Fan, G.
complete list of authors
Wang, Xiaohong||Huang, Wei||Liu, Guansheng||Cai, Wenfeng||Millard, Ronald W||Wang, Yigang||Chang, Jiang||Peng, Tianqing||Fan, Guo-Chang