Analysis of Pollution Hazard Intensity: A Spatial Epidemiology Case Study of Soil Pb Contamination. Academic Article uri icon


  • Heavy industrialization has resulted in the contamination of soil by metals from anthropogenic sources in Anniston, Alabama. This situation calls for increased public awareness of the soil contamination issue and better knowledge of the main factors contributing to the potential sources contaminating residential soil. The purpose of this spatial epidemiology research is to describe the effects of physical factors on the concentration of lead (Pb) in soil in Anniston AL, and to determine the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of those residing in areas with higher soil contamination. Spatial regression models are used to account for spatial dependencies using these explanatory variables. After accounting for covariates and multicollinearity, results of the analysis indicate that lead concentration in soils varies markedly in the vicinity of a specific foundry (Foundry A), and that proximity to railroads explained a significant amount of spatial variation in soil lead concentration. Moreover, elevated soil lead levels were identified as a concern in industrial sites, neighborhoods with a high density of old housing, a high percentage of African American population, and a low percent of occupied housing units. The use of spatial modelling allows for better identification of significant factors that are correlated with soil lead concentrations.

published proceedings

  • Int J Environ Res Public Health

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Ha, H., Rogerson, P. A., Olson, J. R., Han, D., Bian, L., & Shao, W.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Ha, Hoehun||Rogerson, Peter A||Olson, James R||Han, Daikwon||Bian, Ling||Shao, Wanyun

publication date

  • September 2016