Anion exchanged polymerized ionic liquids: High free volume single ion conductors Academic Article uri icon


  • In this study, we investigate the isolated effect of anion type on the chemical, thermal, and conductive properties of imidazolium-based polymerized ionic liquids (PILs). PILs with various anions at constant average chain length were prepared by ion exchange with a water-soluble PIL precursor, (poly(1-[(2-methacryloyloxy)ethyl]-3-butylimidazolium bromide) (poly(MEBIm-Br)). NMR, IR, and elemental analysis confirm that anion exchange of ploy(MEBIm-Br) with bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (TFSI), tetrafluoroborate (BF 4), trifluoromethanesulfonate (Tf), and hexafluorophosphate (PF 6) in water resulted in nearly fully exchanged PILs. As a function of anion type, the glass transition temperature plays a dominant role, but not the sole role in determining ion conductivity. Other factors affecting ionic conductivity include the size and symmetry of the anion and dissociation energy of the ion pair. Both the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) and Williams-Landel-Ferry (WLF) equations were employed to investigate the temperature dependent ionic conductivities. The C1g (9.03) and C2g (168 K) values obtained from the WLF regression of these PILs greatly deviate from the classical WLF values originally obtained from the mechanical relaxation of uncharged polymers (C1g = 17.44, C2g = 51.6 K) and the WLF values obtained from the conductive properties of other polymer electrolytes. This suggests that the fractional free volume (f (Tg) = B/(2.303C1g)) and Vogel temperature (T0 = T g - C2g) are strong functions of ion concentration, where high free volume allows for ion mobility at temperatures farther below the glass transition temperature of the polymer. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Ye, Y., & Elabd, Y. A.

citation count

  • 153

complete list of authors

  • Ye, Yuesheng||Elabd, Yossef A

publication date

  • January 2011