Correlating backbone‐to‐backbone distance to ionic conductivity in amorphous polymerized ionic liquids
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The morphology and ionic conductivity of poly(1- n-alkyl-3- vinylimidazolium)-based homopolymers polymerized from ionic liquids were investigated as a function of the alkyl chain length and counterion type. In general, X-ray scattering showed three features: (i) backbone-to-backbone, (ii) anion-to-anion, and (iii) pendant-to-pendant characteristic distances. As the alkyl chain length increases, the backbone-tobackbone separation increases. As the size of counterion increases, the anion-to-anion scattering peak becomes apparent and its correlation length increases. The X-ray scattering features shift to lower angles as the temperature increases due to thermal expansion. The ionic conductivity results show that the glass transition temperature (T g) is a dominant, but not exclusive, parameter in determining ion transport. The Tg-independent ionic conductivity decreases as the backbone- to-backbone spacing increases. Further interpretation of the ionic conductivity using the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation enabled the correlation between polymer morphology and ionic conductivity, which highlights the importance of anion hoping between adjacent polymer backbones. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
author list (cited authors)
la Cruz, D. S., Green, M. D., Ye, Y., Elabd, Y. A., Long, T. E., & Winey, K. I.