In Situ Molecular Level Measurements of Ion Dynamics in an Electrochemical Capacitor Academic Article uri icon


  • Improving the energy storage capability of batteries and capacitors is inherently dependent on clarifying our understanding of ion dynamics of advanced electrolytes in a variety of materials. Herein we report a new attenuated total reflectance-surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy technique that can selectively and simultaneously measure both cation and anion transport of an ionic liquid (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium triflate (EMIm-Tf)) in a functioning electrochemical pseudocapacitor (actuator). This new capacitor-spectroscopy technique was utilized to probe the gold current collector/RuO2 electrode interface during both square wave and cyclic voltammetry experiments. Results show that the cations and anions transport as aggregates and the cation dominates and dictates the direction of ion transport in these devices. Results also show that ion dynamics in pseudocapacitors is a diffusion-limited process. 2012 American Chemical Society.

published proceedings

  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters

author list (cited authors)

  • Richey, F. W., & Elabd, Y. A.

citation count

  • 18

complete list of authors

  • Richey, Francis W||Elabd, Yossef A

publication date

  • November 2012