Ultra-low platinum loadings in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrodes fabricated via simultaneous electrospinning/electrospraying method Academic Article uri icon


  • In this study, membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were fabricated using a simultaneous electrospinning/electrospraying (E/E) technique to produce a unique nanoparticle/nanofiber cathode catalyst layer morphology evidenced by scanning electron microscopy. H2/O2 and H2/air polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell performance was evaluated for E/E MEAs at ultra-low Pt cathode loadings of 0.052 and 0.022 mgPt cm -2, where maximum power densities of 1.090 and 0.936 W cm -2 (H2/O2) and 0.656 and 0.625 W cm -2 (H2/air) were achieved at these two Pt loadings, respectively. This was compared to a conventional control MEA at a 0.42 mg Pt cm-2 cathode catalyst loading with maximum power densities of 1.420 and 0.839 W cm-2 for H2/O2 and H2/air, respectively. These results correspond to a significant reduction in Pt loading (5-12% of control) at only a modest reduction in power density (66-78% of control) for the E/E electrodes. Excellent platinum utilization in the cathode of 0.024 gPt kW-1 (42 kW gPt-1) was achieved for the E/E electrode at 0.022 mgPt cm-2 cathode loading. Cyclic voltammetry results show an electrochemical surface area higher in the E/E electrodes compared to the control, which provides a rationale for the excellent platinum utilization results, where the E/E morphology results in more triple phase boundaries with more accessible Pt in the electrode. 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 10.988

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, X., Richey, F. W., Wujcik, K. H., & Elabd, Y. A.

citation count

  • 46

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Xuhai||Richey, Francis W||Wujcik, Kevin H||Elabd, Yossef A

publication date

  • January 2014