Superstructure-Based Optimal Design of Pipeline Network for CO2 Transport in Large-Scale Carbon Capture and Sequestration
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2015 Elsevier B.V. Pipeline transport is widely regarded as an advantageous means for CO2 transport in large-scale carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) projects. The deployments of infrastructures for CO2 transport can largely affect the cost and safety of CCS projects. However, the design of pipeline network for CO2 transport could be quite challenging when considering large numbers of CO2 emission sources and potential CO2 geologic sinks. Moreover, many different factors in real-life cases will make the problem subtler, including the overdispersed distribution of sources and sinks, the heterogeneity of different sources and sinks, and the nonlinear thermophysical and hydraulic properties of CO2 flows. Some previous researches have put much effort in studying the design of pipeline network for CO2 transport, and the methodology of superstructure-based modeling has also made a large contribution in this process. A discussion of previous achievements on this problem is provided here in this chapter, which is helpful for future studies.