A systematic framework for the design, simulation and optimization of personalized healthcare: Making and healing blood Academic Article uri icon


  • 2015 Elsevier Ltd We review the key building blocks of a design framework for modeling and optimizing biomedical systems under development in the Biological Systems Engineering Laboratory and the Centre for Process Systems Engineering at Imperial College. The framework features the following components: (i) in vitro environment, where model parameters can be obtained and new setups can be tested; (ii) in silico environment, including a simulation module for representing relevant physical or biological processes, and an optimization module, for calculating improved in vitro or in vivo outcomes; (iii) in vivo environment, from which organ and patient-specific parameters are collected and which can also implement personalized suggestions for improved outcomes. Two applications in the area of healthy and diseased blood are thoroughly discussed to exemplify the framework's characteristics. We discuss progress in the different areas and the way in which they are connected and finally propose a hybrid in vitro/in silico/in vivo platform.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Fuentes-Gari, M., Velliou, E., Misener, R., Pefani, E., Rende, M., Panoskaltsis, N., Mantalaris, A., & Pistikopoulos, E. N.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Fuentes-Gari, Maria||Velliou, Eirini||Misener, Ruth||Pefani, Eleni||Rende, Maria||Panoskaltsis, Nicki||Mantalaris, Athanasios||Pistikopoulos, Efstratios N

publication date

  • October 2015