Structure and mixing of a transient flow of helium injected into an established flow of nitrogen: two dimensional measurement and simulation Academic Article uri icon


  • The transient injection and mixing between nitrogen and helium in a confined chamber at atmospheric pressure is studied experimentally. The 2D injector and mixing chamber contained a middle injection slot for nitrogen flanked by a pair of outer slots for helium. Experiments were conducted by introducing the helium streams into a previously established quasi-steady flow of nitrogen. The nitrogen stream was seeded with nitric oxide (NO) that served as a source for quantitative, planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) imaging of the transient mixing process. PLIF images were acquired by triggering an Nd:YAG laser system at selected times following helium valve actuation. The observed flow structures and extent of mixing between the two streams proved to be highly unsteady and irregular with the helium/nitrogen jets frequently deviating from the centerline toward the confining walls. Representative unsteady CFD solutions also show this same absence of symmetry and the same general flow structures as the measurements, however, they predict somewhat higher helium concentration in recirculation regions than were observed in the measurements. 2008 Springer-Verlag.

published proceedings

  • Experiments in Fluids

author list (cited authors)

  • Tseng, C. C., Voytovych, D. M., Kulatilaka, W. D., Bhuiyan, A. H., Lucht, R. P., Merkle, C. L., Hulka, J. R., & Jones, G. W.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Tseng, CC||Voytovych, DM||Kulatilaka, WD||Bhuiyan, AH||Lucht, RP||Merkle, CL||Hulka, JR||Jones, GW

publication date

  • April 2009