Femtosecond two-photon LIF imaging of atomic species using a frequency-quadrupled Ti:sapphire laser
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Femtosecond (fs)-duration laser pulses are well suited for two-photon laser-induced-fluorescence (TPLIF) imaging of key atomic species such as H, N, and O in gas-phase reacting flows. Ultrashort pulses enable efficient nonlinear excitation, while reducing interfering photochemical processes. Furthermore, amplified fs lasers enable high-repetition-rate imaging (typically 1-10 kHz) for capturing the dynamics of turbulent flow fields. However, two-dimensional (2D), single-laser-shot fs-TPLIF imaging of the above species is challenging in most practical flow fields because of the limited ultraviolet pulse energy available in commercial optical parametric amplifier (OPA)-based tunable laser sources. In this work, we report the development of an efficient, fs frequency-quadrupling unit [i.e., fourth-harmonic generator (FHG)] with overall conversion efficiency more than six times greater than that of commercial OPA-based systems. The development, characterization, and application of the fs-FHG system for 2D imaging of H atoms in flames are described in detail. The potential application of the same laser system for 2D imaging of N and O atoms is also discussed. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
author list (cited authors)
Kulatilaka, W. D., Gord, J. R., & Roy, S.