Femtosecond, two-photon-absorption, laser-induced-fluorescence (fs-TALIF) imaging of atomic hydrogen and oxygen in non-equilibrium plasmas Academic Article uri icon


  • 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd. Femtosecond, two-photon-absorption laser-induced fluorescence (fs-TALIF) is employed to measure space- and time-resolved distributions of atomic hydrogen and oxygen in moderate-pressure, non-equilibrium, nanosecond-duration pulsed-discharge plasmas. Temporally and spatially resolved hydrogen and oxygen TALIF images are obtained over a range of low-temperature plasmas in mixtures of helium and argon at 100 Torr total pressure. The high-peak-intensity, low-average-energy fs pulses combined with the increased spectral bandwidth compared to traditional ns-duration laser pulses provide a large number of photon pairs that are responsible for the two-photon excitation, which results in an enhanced TALIF signal. Krypton and xenon TALIF are used for quantitative calibration of the hydrogen and oxygen concentrations, respectively, with similar excitation schemes being employed. This enables 2D collection of atomic-hydrogen and -oxygen TALIF signals with absolute number densities ranging from 2 1012 cm-3 to 6 1015 cm-3 and 1 1013 cm-3 to 3 1016 cm-3, respectively. These 2D images are the first application of TALIF imaging in moderate-pressure plasma discharges. 1D self-consistent modeling predictions show agreement with experimental results within the estimated experimental error of 25%. The present results can be used to further the development of higher fidelity kinetic models while quantifying plasma-source characteristics.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Schmidt, J. B., Roy, S., Kulatilaka, W. D., Shkurenkov, I., Adamovich, I. V., Lempert, W. R., & Gord, J. R.

citation count

  • 62

complete list of authors

  • Schmidt, Jacob B||Roy, Sukesh||Kulatilaka, Waruna D||Shkurenkov, Ivan||Adamovich, Igor V||Lempert, Walter R||Gord, James R

publication date

  • January 2017