Blast wave and contraction in Au(111) thin film induced by femtosecond laser pulses. A time resolved x-ray diffraction study.
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We utilize 100 fs optical pulses as a means of heating 150 nm thick single Au (111) crystals, below the melting point and monitor the subsequent structural evolution with subpicosecond time resolution using 0.6 ps, 8.04 KeV x-ray pulses. By monitoring the energy and time dependent modulation of the width and shift of the x-ray diffraction rocking curve, we have obtained information on electron-phonon coupling, photon-lattice interaction, and time resolved kinetics of the crystal disorder. The data show that during the first couple picoseconds after optical excitation, the formation of a blast force and lattice contraction, followed by a pressure wave formed 10-20 ps later. Both the blast and pressure wave propagate through the crystal with sonic velocities. These time resolved x-ray diffraction data provide a detail description of the processes induced by ultrafast laser pulses impinging on very thin metallic crystals. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.
author list (cited authors)
Chen, J., Chen, W., & Rentzepis, P. M.