Hybrid-Capacitors with Polyaniline/Carbon Electrodes Fabricated via Simultaneous Electrospinning/Electrospraying
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2017 Elsevier Ltd Hybrid-capacitors have the potential to synergistically combine the benefits of both electrochemical double layer capacitors (EDLCs) (long cycle life) and Faradaic-capacitors (high capacitance). However, new processes that intimately combine the two primary materials from each capacitor (carbon and conductive polymer, respectively) within the electrodes in an ordered fashion on the nanoscale are needed to realize this potential. In this study, we report on a novel method (simultaneous electrospinning/electrospraying (E/E)) for fabricating hybrid-capacitors with high surface area electrodes consisting of polyaniline (PANI) and carbon nanoparticles (referred to as E/E electrodes). E/E produces a unique nanofiber/particle network of PANI and carbon. The hybrid-capacitor with E/E electrodes exhibits an excellent specific capacitance of 235Fg1 (vs. 138 Fg1 for capacitor with state-of-the art hybrid electrodes) at a current density of 1Ag1. Moreover, the hybrid-capacitor with E/E electrodes retains approximately 84% capacitance after 1000 charge-discharge cycles (vs. 67% for capacitor with state-of-the art hybrid electrodes). These results indicate the feasibility of producing E/E electrodes and their promise as future materials in hybrid-capacitors.
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Chen, Tzu-Ling||Elabd, Yossef A