Structure of apo- and monometalated forms of NDM-1--a highly potent carbapenem-hydrolyzing metallo--lactamase. Academic Article uri icon


  • The New Delhi Metallo--lactamase (NDM-1) gene makes multiple pathogenic microorganisms resistant to all known -lactam antibiotics. The rapid emergence of NDM-1 has been linked to mobile plasmids that move between different strains resulting in world-wide dissemination. Biochemical studies revealed that NDM-1 is capable of efficiently hydrolyzing a wide range of -lactams, including many carbapenems considered as "last resort" antibiotics. The crystal structures of metal-free apo- and monozinc forms of NDM-1 presented here revealed an enlarged and flexible active site of class B1 metallo--lactamase. This site is capable of accommodating many -lactam substrates by having many of the catalytic residues on flexible loops, which explains the observed extended spectrum activity of this zinc dependent -lactamase. Indeed, five loops contribute "keg" residues in the active site including side chains involved in metal binding. Loop 1 in particular, shows conformational flexibility, apparently related to the acceptance and positioning of substrates for cleavage by a zinc-activated water molecule.

published proceedings

  • PLoS One

altmetric score

  • 11.056

author list (cited authors)

  • Kim, Y., Tesar, C., Mire, J., Jedrzejczak, R., Binkowski, A., Babnigg, G., Sacchettini, J., & Joachimiak, A.

citation count

  • 88

complete list of authors

  • Kim, Youngchang||Tesar, Christine||Mire, Joseph||Jedrzejczak, Robert||Binkowski, Andrew||Babnigg, Gyorgy||Sacchettini, James||Joachimiak, Andrzej

editor list (cited editors)

  • Driks, A.

publication date

  • September 2011