One problem, considered important in Banach space theory since at least the 1970's, asks for intrinsic characterizations of subspaces of a Banach space with an unconditional basis. A more general question is to give necessary and sufficient conditions for operators from Lp (2 < p < 1) to factor through `p. In this dissertaion, solutions for the above problems are provided. More precisely, I prove that for a reflexive Banach space, being a subspace of a reflexive space with an unconditional basis or being a quotient of such a space, is equivalent to having the unconditional tree property. I also show that a bounded linear operator from Lp (2 < p < 1) factors through `p if and only it satisfies an upper-(C, p)-tree estimate. Results are then extended to operators from asymptotic lp spaces.

One problem, considered important in Banach space theory since at least the 1970's, asks for intrinsic characterizations of subspaces of a Banach space with an unconditional basis. A more general question is to give necessary and sufficient conditions for operators from Lp (2 < p < 1) to factor through `p. In this dissertaion, solutions for the above problems are provided. More precisely, I prove that for a reflexive Banach space, being a subspace of a reflexive space with an unconditional basis or being a quotient of such a space, is equivalent to having the unconditional tree property. I also show that a bounded linear operator from Lp (2 < p < 1) factors through `p if and only it satisfies an upper-(C, p)-tree estimate. Results are then extended to operators from asymptotic lp spaces.