Deposition of Aerosol Particles in Contraction Fittings Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Particle deposition was measured in contraction fittings with half-angles of 12°, 45°, and 90°. It was found that for a given contraction half angle, the losses in a contraction fitting correlate well with the parameter Stk(1-AoAi) where: Stk is a Pich-type Stokes number based on inlet velocity and outlet diameter, Ao is the outlet area, and Ai is the inlet area. A correlation developed from the experimental results allows prediction of the particle losses in contraction fittings as a function of Stokes number, area ratio, and contraction half-angle. Test conditions on which the correlation was based include a range of 0.001 ≤ Stk(1-Ao/Ai) ≤ 100. Area ratios Ao/Ai used in the tests were 0.062, 0.215, and 0.571, and the test conditions encompassed Reynolds numbers based on downstream port diameter of 1120 to 58,500. The aerosol particle deposition in the contraction fitting was also modeled numerically and the numerical results show good agreement with the experimental data. Flow turbulence was taken into account in the numerical work using a standard k-e closure model. © 1996 American Association for Aerosol Research.

author list (cited authors)

  • Muyshondt, A., McFarland, A. R., & Anand, N. K.

citation count

  • 21

publication date

  • January 1996