Nitrogen transfer from arrowleaf clover to ryegrass in field plantings Academic Article uri icon


  • Arrowleaf clover (Trifolium vesiculosum Savi) and annual ryegrass Lolium multiflorum Lam.) commonly are overseeded in dormant bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers.) sod on coastal plain soils in the southeastern United States. Two field experiments were conducted in consecutive years at different sites to estimate the amount of N transferred from the clover to the annual grass. Nitrogen treatments included 50 kg N ha-1 as 15N depleted ammonium nitrate applied in either February or April, and a check (no N applied). Three clippings were made during the cool-season from March to June. In both experiments, less than 5 kg N ha-1 were transferred from the clover to the grass. Ryegrass yields of dry matter and total N were not increased by growing with clover. Clover growth was typical for the region; average dry matter yield in pure stand was 2,615 kg ha-1 over the two-year period. Clover in mixed stand fixed between 20 and 60 kg N/ha. Less than 13% of N contained in ryegrass was transferred from arrowleaf clover to ryegrass at any clipping while clover was actively growing. The quantity of N transferred over the entire season was not statistically significant. 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

published proceedings

  • Plant and Soil

author list (cited authors)

  • Morris, D. R., Weaver, R. W., Smith, G. R., & Rouquette, F. M.

citation count

  • 30

complete list of authors

  • Morris, DR||Weaver, RW||Smith, GR||Rouquette, FM

publication date

  • November 1990