Biological and immunological luteinizing hormone activity and blood metabolites in postpartum Brahman cows.
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Multiparous Brahman cows were assigned by order of calving and sex of calf to groups to be fed to maintain body condition score (BCS) of 6 or greater (M; n = 10) or to lose BCS (L; n = 10). Blood samples were collected weekly for progesterone analysis and at 15, 30 and 45 d after parturition at 15-min intervals for 6 h for determination of immunological (ILH) and biological (BLH) luteinizing hormone. Serum concentrations of ILH were determined using a double antibody RIA procedure, whereas BLH was determined using a rat interstitial cell-testosterone bioassay (RICT). By 45 d after parturition 7 of 10 M cows had returned to estrus. Therefore, comparisons between groups were made on d 15 and 30 postpartum. Cows in the M group had a shorter (P less than .001) interval to first estrus (46.7 d) than did L cows (91.2 d). The concentrations of bioactive and immunoactive LH were parallel between d 15 and 30 postcalving. However, a day x treatment interaction (P less than .05) showed that episodic BLH concentrations (ng/ml) decreased with day postpartum in L, but increased in M cows from d 15 to 30 postcalving. Likewise, relative biological activity, as measured by B:I ratios, decreased between d 15 and 30 in L cows, whereas it increased in M cows during the same period (B:I x day interaction; P less than .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)