Effects of nutritional level and biological type on gonadotropin-releasing hormone-induced luteinizing hormone release and plasma progesterone, estrone and estradiol concentrations in pre- and post-partum beef heifers.
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Forty-six beef heifers (16 to 23 mo) of two biological types (small = Red Poll-sired, large = Charolais-sired) were individually fed from d 90 of gestation through parturition to evaluate the effects of nutritional restriction on plasma LH and steroid hormone concentrations. Heifers were allotted to one of two nutritional treatments to achieve a BW reduction (loss, fed at 1% of BW/d) or to maintain initial BW (maintenance, fed 1.5% of BW/d) to parturition. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (100 micrograms) was injected i.m. three times during gestation (d 130; d 200; d 270) and twice after parturition (d 1 to 14; d 23 to 36). Blood samples were collected at 20-min intervals after GnRH for 4 h. Maternal BW change from d 90 to parturition differed (P less than .01) between loss and maintenance heifers. Mean plasma progesterone concentrations were greater (P less than .05) at d 130 and 270 of gestation in small than in large heifers and were greater (P less than .01) at d 23 to 36 postpartum in maintenance than in loss heifers. Mean concentrations of estrone and estradiol were greater (P less than .05) in large than in small heifers at d 200 of gestation. Mean plasma LH concentrations following GnRH injection were greater (P less than .01) in loss than in maintenance heifers at 200 and 270 d of gestation. Metabolizable and retained energy were related inversely to LH release during mid and late gestation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Killen, J. H., Forrest, D. W., Byers, F. M., Schelling, G. T., & Baker, J. F
complete list of authors
Killen, JH||Forrest, DW||Byers, FM||Schelling, GT||Baker, JF