Oxide-based electrochromics for energy efficient buildings: Materials, technologies, testing, and perspectives Conference Paper uri icon


  • Electrochromic oxide films form the basis of smart windows, which are of much interest in forthcoming building technology and are able to provide energy efficiency and indoor comfort simultaneously. This paper introduces smart windows technology, which now seems ready for large-scale applications. Electrochromics is discussed from the viewpoints of materials, device design, low-cost manufacturing, and applications to buildings as well as some niche products. Finally there are some perspectives on the future role of oxide electrochromics in the built environment. 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Granqvist, C. G., Azens, A., Smulko, J., & Kish, L. B.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Granqvist, CG||Azens, A||Smulko, J||Kish, LB

publication date

  • January 2007