Fundamental evaluation of moisture damage in warm-mix asphalts Conference Paper uri icon


  • 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Warm-mix asphalt (WMA) technologies have been used extensively in the last decade. The benefits of WMA have motivated stakeholders to expedite the implementation of this technology. However, some research studies have raised concerns regarding WMA laboratory performance in terms of resistance to moisture damage, while WMA has demonstrated good performance in the field. These experiences led to further research to understand the fundamental characteristics of WMA. This study conducted a comprehensive evaluation of WMA prepared using different aggregate sources, asphalt binders, and WMA additives. A dynamic mechanical analyser was used to test the mastic phase of conventional hot-mix asphalt and WMA. The test specimens were evaluated at different conditionsdry and wetand at different ageing stagesunaged and three-month agedin a controlled environmental room (i.e. 60C). A fracture mechanics approach was used to analyse the test results. This approach incorporated fundamental material properties, including adhesive bond energy between aggregates and asphalt binder. The results show that WMA performance improved with ageing and the overall performance of the WMA can be improved if the selection of materials (i.e. aggregate source, asphalt binder, WMA technology) is optimised based on the compatibility of their surface energy. In addition, surface energy results were able to explain some findings from the mechanical testing related to moisture susceptibility of WMA.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Cucalon, L. G., Kassem, E., Little, D. N., & Masad, E.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Cucalon, Lorena Garcia||Kassem, Emad||Little, Dallas N||Masad, Eyad

publication date

  • January 2017