Effect of location and season on body and testicular growth in Brahman and Hereford bulls. Academic Article uri icon


  • To determine the effects of location and season on growth of bulls, Hereford bulls from Montana (MH; n = 15) and Nebraska (NH; n = 15) and Brahman bulls from Texas and Louisiana (BB; n = 18) were moved to three locations: Montana (MT), Nebraska (NE) or Texas (TX). Each location received 5 NH, 5 MH and 6 BB. Control bulls (not relocated) were maintained at each location. All bulls were pubertal at the time of relocation in May 1984. At 28-d intervals, body weight, hip height, testis length and scrotal circumference were recorded for each bull for 22 mo after relocation. Paired testes volume (PTV) was calculated. Among Hereford bulls, body weights were similar (P greater than .10) in all control and relocated bulls by the end of the study, except that MH bulls moved to TX had lower body weights (P less than .01). Brahman bulls moved to northern locations had dramatically reduced body weights, compared to control Brahmans kept in TX; body weight of Brahman bulls in MT remained lower (P less than .01) at the end of the study. Brahman bulls in NE and MT had smaller scrotal circumference and PTV (P less than .01) than did control Brahmans in TX during the 1st yr after relocation. Relocated BB exhibited marked seasonal fluctuations in testis size, with increases during the summer and decreases during the winter (P less than .01); seasonal changes were not apparent in control Brahmans in TX. These results indicate that moving Brahman bulls to northern environments reduced body weight gain and caused dramatic seasonal changes in testis size; these effects were more pronounced in Brahman bulls moved to the most northern location.

published proceedings

  • J Anim Sci

author list (cited authors)

  • Godfrey, R. W., Lunstra, D. D., Jenkins, T. G., Berardinelli, J. G., Neuendorff, D. A., Long, C. R., & Randel, R. D

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Godfrey, RW||Lunstra, DD||Jenkins, TG||Berardinelli, JG||Neuendorff, DA||Long, CR||Randel, RD

publication date

  • June 1990