• It has been hypothesised that lower survival rates post-thaw of Brahman (BR) embryos is due in part to higher intracellular lipids. The objective of this study was to determine whether pregnancy rates of in vivoproduced BR embryos could be enhanced by exposing them to 10M of forskolin (FSK; lipolytic agent) before slow cool freezing, thawing and direct transfer. A previous report (Phase II) indicated that the addition of FSK to culture 24h before freezing 7 days in vitroproduced, BR-sired embryos can increase survival and blastocyst hatching rates (Pryor et al. 2010 Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 22, 214). For this study (Phase III), 11 BR cows were injected with 25mg of Lutalyse (Pfizer Animal Health, New York, NY, USA) to synchronize oestrus. On Day 0 (7 days after synchronized oestrus), all donors were inserted with a CIDR (Controlled Intravaginal Releasing Device; Pharmacia Co., Kalamazoo, MI, USA) and injected with 50mg of progesterone plus 2.5mg of oestradiol 17 (Medshop, Longview, TX, USA). On Day 4, decreasing doses of Folltropin (Bioniche, Pullman, WA, USA) ranging from 160 to 264mg were given twice daily for 3 days along with 0.625mg of cloprostenol (Estrumate; Merck/Schering-Plough Animal Health, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA) given twice on Day 6 (AM and PM) and CIDR removal on Day 7 AM. Donors were artificially inseminated 12 and 24h post-oestrus (oestrus=Day 8) with frozen/thawed BR semen. On Day 14 (embryo age 6 days), donors were nonsurgically collected, producing a total of 75 grade-one morulae, which were randomly allocated and cultured for 24h in Evolve (Zenith Biotechnology, Canada) supplemented with 4mgmL1 of Probumin BSA (Millipore, Norcross, GA, USA; control) or with FSK (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA) at 38.5C under a 5% CO2, 5% O2 and 90% N2 humidified atmosphere. Immediately following treatment, 7 days compact morula/blastocysts were washed in Vigro Holding Plus medium (Bioniche, Belleville, Ontario, Canada) and submitted to Vigro Ethylene Glycol Freeze Plus medium (Bioniche) for 5 to 7min before being frozen at 0.5Cmin1 from 6C to 32C and plunged in liquid nitrogen. Frozen embryos (n=35 FSK; n=35 control) were air thawed for 7s and then immersed in 30C H2O for 10s before being nonsurgically transferred into synchronized recipients. Pregnancy rates were assessed by ultrasonography via rectal palpation 30 to 60 days post-transfer. Contingency analysis was performed using forskolin treatment, technician and embryo stage and location as independent variables (JMP 8.0, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). There were no statistical differences or interactions for any of the analysed variables. Pregnancy rates between control and FSK treatments did not vary (34.3 and 31.4%, respectively; chi-square P=0.80). In conclusion, treating in vivoproduced BR embryos with 10M of forskolin for 24h did not alter pregnancy rates. The authors acknowledge support from the American Brahman Breeders Association.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Pryor, J. H., Trant, J. A., Long, C. R., Forrest, D. W., & Looney, C. R.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Pryor, JH||Trant, JA||Long, CR||Forrest, DW||Looney, CR

publication date

  • January 2012