Estimating dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) daily infestation dynamics
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Mathematical procedures are given to estimate infestation totals and daily life stage arrivals, departures, and mortality of Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann for an infested tree in the field. These estimates are based on minimal sample data and are designed to utilize all available information. Daily arrival estimates for larvae, pupae, and callow adults are obtained by indirect analysis without direct observation of these stages. The procedures are applied to 147 infested trees, and the results are transformed to a common time basis to obtain daily expectations by life stage for an "average" tree. These expectations suggest optimal times for field sampling or relative times of sampling when optimal times are missed. Expected daily arrival distributions by life stage for a single egg and a single attacking adult are given. Procedures are given for utilizing collateral information to obtain an infestation total and daily arrival estimates for a boundary life stage. The results of this study are applicable to any D. frontalis field study, and the procedures given are applicable to any bark inhabiting insect having similar habits. 1988 Society of Population Ecology.
author list (cited authors)
Pulley, P. E., Flamm, R. O., & Coulson, R. N.