Spectropolarimetry of the Type Ib/c SN 2005bf Academic Article uri icon


  • We present spectropolarimetric observations of the peculiar Type Ib/c SN 2005bf, in MCG+00-27-005, from 3600-8550 . The SN was observed on 2005 April 30.9, 18 d after the first B-band light-curve maximum and 6 d before the second B-band light-curve maximum. The degree of the interstellar polarization (ISP), determined from depolarized emission lines in the spectrum, is found to be large with pmax(ISP) = 1.6 per cent and, but this may be an upper limit on the real value of the ISP. After ISP subtraction, significant polarization is observed over large wavelength regions, indicating a significant degree of global asymmetry, 10 per cent. Polarizations of 3.5 and 4 per cent are observed for absorption components of Ca ii H& K and infrared triplet, and 1.3 per cent for He i 5876 and Fe ii. On the Q-U plane clear velocity-dependent loop structure is observed for the He i 5876 line, suggestive of departures from an axial symmetry and possible clumping of the SN ejecta. Weak high-velocity components of H, H and H are observed, with velocities of -15 000 km s-1. The low degree of polarization observed at H suggests that the polarization observed for the other Balmer lines (0.4 per cent above the background polarization) may rather be due to blending of H and H with polarized Si ii and Fe ii lines, respectively. We suggest a model in which a jet of material, that is rich in, has penetrated the C-O core, but not the He mantle. The jet axis is tilted with respect to the axis of the photosphere. This accounts for the lack of significant polarization of O i 7774 , the delayed excitation and, hence, observability of He i and, potentially, the varied geometries of He and Ca. 2007 RAS.

published proceedings

  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

author list (cited authors)

  • Maund, J. R., Wheeler, J. C., Patat, F., Baade, D., Wang, L., & Hflich, P.

citation count

  • 70

complete list of authors

  • Maund, Justyn R||Wheeler, J Craig||Patat, Ferdinando||Baade, Dietrich||Wang, Lifan||Höflich, Peter

publication date

  • September 2007