Fluctuations of thermodynamic variables in stationary compressible turbulence Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractA large database of new direct numerical simulations of forced compressible turbulence on up to $204{8}^{3} $ grids, and a range of Reynolds (${R}_{lambda } $) and turbulent Mach (${M}_{t} $) numbers, is analysed to study the scaling of pressure, density and temperature fluctuations. Small-perturbation analysis is used to study the scaling of variances, and different cross-correlations as well as spectra. Qualitative differences are observed between low and high ${M}_{t} $. The probability density functions (p.d.f.s) of pressure and density are negatively skewed at low ${M}_{t} $ (consistent with incompressible results) but become positively skewed at high ${M}_{t} $. The positive tails are found to follow a log-normal distribution. A new variable is introduced to quantify departures from isentropic fluctuations (an assumption commonly used in the literature) and is found to increase as ${ M}_{t}^{2} $. However, positive fluctuations of pressure and density tend to be more isentropic than negative fluctuations. In general, Reynolds number effects on single-point statistics are observed to be weak. The spectral behaviour of pressure, density and temperature is also investigated. While at low ${M}_{t} $, pressure appears to scale as ${k}^{- 7/ 3} $ ($k$ is the wavenumber) in the inertial range as in incompressible flows, a ${k}^{- 5/ 3} $ scaling also appears to be consistent with the data at a range of Mach numbers. Density and temperature spectra are found to scale as ${k}^{- 5/ 3} $ for a range of Mach numbers.

author list (cited authors)

  • Donzis, D. A., & Jagannathan, S.

citation count

  • 40

publication date

  • September 2013