Fabrication of nanocapsule carriers from multilayer-coated vaterite calcium carbonate nanoparticles. Academic Article uri icon


  • Nanosized luminescent sensors were prepared as reagents for optical sensing and imaging of oxygen using ratiometric emission properties of a two-dye system. Polymeric capsules were fabricated utilizing poly(vinylsulfonic acid) (PVSA)-stabilized vaterite CaCO3 nanoparticles (CCNPs) as sacrificial templates. The buffer and polymeric surfactant requirements of the layer-by-layer (LbL) process were evaluated toward deposition of multilayer coatings and, ultimately, formation of hollow capsules using these interesting materials. CCNPs were found to be more stable in alkaline NaHCO3 buffer after repeated cycles of washing under sonication and resuspension. An intermediate PVSA concentration was required to maximize the loading of oxygen-sensitive porphyrin and oxygen-insensitive fluorescent nanoparticles in the CCNPs while maintaining minimal nanoparticle size. The CCNPs were then coated with polyelectrolyte multilayers and subsequent removal of the CaCO3 core yielded nanocapsules containing dye and fluorescent nanoparticles. The resulting nanocapsules with encapsulated luminophores functioned effectively as oxygen sensors with a quenching response of 89.28 2.59%, and O2 (S = 1/2) = 20.91 M of dissolved oxygen.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

author list (cited authors)

  • Biswas, A., Nagaraja, A. T., & McShane, M. J.

citation count

  • 23

complete list of authors

  • Biswas, Aniket||Nagaraja, Ashvin T||McShane, Michael J

publication date

  • December 2014