Vector chiral phases in the frustrated 2D XY model and quantum spin chains. Academic Article uri icon


  • The phase diagram of the frustrated 2D classical and 1D quantum XY models is calculated analytically. Four transitions are found: the vortex unbinding transitions triggered by strong fluctuations occur above and below the chiral transition temperature. Vortex interaction is short range on small and logarithmic on large scales. The chiral transition, though belonging to the Ising universality class by symmetry, has different critical exponents due to nonlocal interaction. In a narrow region close to the Lifshitz point a reentrant phase transition between paramagnetic and quasiferromagnetic phase appears. Applications to antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains and multiferroics are discussed.

published proceedings

  • Phys Rev Lett

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Schenck, H., Pokrovsky, V. L., & Nattermann, T.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Schenck, H||Pokrovsky, VL||Nattermann, T

publication date

  • April 2014