Uniconazole‐induced thermotolerance in soybean seedling root tissue Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Soybean [Glycine max(L.) Merr. cv. A2] seeds were germinated in 0 or 1 mg 11 (3.4 uM) uniconazole, after which seedling roots were excised and exposed to 22 or 48°C for 90 min. Prior to the temperature treatments there were few ultrastructural differences between uniconazole‐treated seedling roots and the controls. Following exposure to 48°C, electron micrographs revealed near complete loss of normal ultrastructure in control epidermal root cells, whereas cellular integrity was maintained in treated roots, indicating that uniconazole conferred tolerance to high temperature. Total electrolyte, sugar and K+ leakage were all greater from control roots than treated roots during exposure to 48°C. Proline content in the roots was unaffected by uniconazole at 22°C but was 25–30% greater in treated tissue than in controls following exposure to 48°C. Malondialdehyde content was unaffected by uniconazole at 22°C but was nearly 20% less in treated tissue than in controls following high temperature exposure. This indicates that uniconazole decreased high‐temperature‐induced lipid peroxidation. Uniconazole elevated several antiox‐idant systems in the roots, including water‐soluble sulfhydryl concentration and catalase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that uniconazole‐induced stress tolerance is due, at least in part, to enhanced antioxidant activity which reduces stress‐related oxidative damage to cell membranes. Copyright © 1990, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

author list (cited authors)

  • Upadhyaya, A., Davis, T. D., Larsen, M. H., Walser, R. H., & Sankhla, N.

citation count

  • 31

publication date

  • May 1990

publisher