Lead foreign body arthropathy in a horse. Academic Article uri icon


  • A diagnosis of degenerative joint disease secondary to an intra-articular metallic foreign body in the right metacarpophalangeal joint was made in a Quarter Horse gelding. Arthroscopy, performed to evaluate the joint and remove the foreign body, revealed yellow discoloration of the articular cartilage and synovium, and blunting and proliferation of the synovium. The foreign body was identified as a lead sphere. Microscopic examination of synovium revealed chronic synovitis, with accumulation of hemosiderin and multifocal, mild mineralization. Another pigment was evident extracellularly in the synovium. Lead arthropathy was diagnosed. Lead arthropathy results from the dissolution of intra-articular lead, causing signs of chronic pain, restricted motion, joint effusion, and synovial proliferation.

published proceedings

  • J Am Vet Med Assoc

author list (cited authors)

  • Crabill, M. R., Watkins, J. P., Morris, E. L., Helman, R. G., & Schmitz, D. G

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Crabill, MR||Watkins, JP||Morris, EL||Helman, RG||Schmitz, DG

publication date

  • September 1994