Dynamical tunneling of counterpropagating beams mediated by an optical photonic lattice
- Additional Document Info
- View All
In a numerical study, we demonstrate the dynamical tunneling (DT) of two counterpropagating (CP) mutually incoherent beams in a two-dimensional photonic lattice, recorded in a photorefractive (PR) crystal. The beams are launched head-on from the opposite faces of a PR crystal in which an optically induced two-dimensional photonic lattice is established. The DT is caused by the spontaneous symmetry breaking of CP beams, which is induced by the nonlinear interaction between the beams and is mediated by the lattice. To observe DT we found no need to introduce a specific external tilt potential, as is done in the conventional Zener tunneling; the tilting is provided by the repulsive interaction between the beams, which causes ejection of one beam from the launching region of the other. As the beams propagate, they move laterally in real time, causing the leakage of radiation from the first Brillouin zone to the second and higher zones. In the process the beams also tunnel from the first photonic band zone to the higher zones, which by definition is the DT. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Jović, D. M., Petrović, M. S., & Belić, M. R.