Spatiotemporal soliton supported by parity-time symmetric potential with competing nonlinearities Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © EPLA, 2016. We construct explicit spatiotemporal or light bullet (LB) solutions to the (3 + 1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) with inhomogeneous diffraction/dispersion and nonlinearity in the presence of parity-time (PT) symmetric potential with competing nonlinearities. The solution is based on the similarity transformation, by which the initial inhomogeneous problem is reduced to the standard NLSE with constant coefficients but with redefined variables and potential. Transmission characteristics of LB solutions, such as the phase change, half width and chirp, are studied in the media with exponentially decreasing diffraction/dispersion and with periodic modulation. Our outcomes demonstrate that diffraction/dispersion and nonlinearity management can prolong the stability of LBs in a PT potential.

author list (cited authors)

  • Xu, S., Zhao, Y., Petrović, N. Z., & Belić, M. R.

citation count

  • 7

publication date

  • July 2016