Wavelet Spatial Energy Spectrums Studies on Drag Reduction by Microbubble Injection Conference Paper uri icon


  • In this study, continuous wavelet transforms and spatial correlation techniques are employed to determine the space-localized wavenumber energy spectrum of the velocity signals in turbulent channel flow. The flow conditions correspond to single phase flow and microbubbles injected two phase flow. The wavelet energy spectrums demonstrate that the wavenumber (eddy size) content of the velocity signals is not only space-dependent but also microbubbles can impact the eddy size content. Visual observations of the wavelet energy spectrum spatial distribution was realized by using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurement technique. The two phase flow condition corresponds to a drag reduction of 38.4% with void fraction of 4.9%. The present results provide evidence that microbubbles in the boundary layer of a turbulent channel flow can help adjust the eddy size distributions near the wall. This can assist in explaining that microbubbles are performing as buffers to keep the energy of fluid particles going in streamwise direction and reducing the energy of fluid particles going in normal direction.

name of conference

  • 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering

published proceedings

  • Volume 4: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Neutronics Methods and Coupled Codes; Student Paper Competition

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhen, L., & Hassan, Y. A.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Zhen, Ling||Hassan, Yassin A

publication date

  • January 2006