CFD investigation of wire-wrapped fuel rod bundles and flow sensitivity to bundle size Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • The development of a meshing and simulation procedure for the modeling of a 19 pin wire-wrapped fuel rod bundle is detailed. Parameters varied include base size, prism layer thickness, inlet condition and turbulence model. Care was taken to ensure the flow was highly resolved around walls, and the use of wall functions was avoided. The model was validated against established pressure drop correlations. The meshing and simulation procedure was then used to model 19, 37, and 61 pin fuel rod bundles. Again the pressure drops were compared against and agreed favorably with established pressure drop correlations. The velocity distributions of each bundle were found and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively to determine at what bundle size interior subchannel velocity distribution can be considered independent of bundle size. A qualitative look at the velocity profiles indicates that the interior subchannels of each bundle were affected by the walls. The quantitative analysis reveals that for interior subchannels, the difference is negligible for certain subchannels. Results indicate that the velocity of the 19 pin bundles centermost subchannels agree within 1% with the corresponding subchannels of the 61 pin bundle, and are thus considered independent of bundle size. The two innermost layers of subchannels in the 37 pin bundle are similarly independent of bundle size. A single layer of subchannels acting as a buffer to wall effects was sufficient to isolate interior subchannels from wall effects.

author list (cited authors)

  • Brockmeyer, L. M., Sarikurt, F. S., Hassan, Y. A., & Merzari, E.

publication date

  • January 2015