Relationship between fatty acid-binding protein activity and marbling scores in bovine longissimus muscle.
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Studies were conducted in an attempt to establish a relationship between fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) activity and marbling score in bovine longissimus muscle. Longissimus muscle was obtained from four 20-mo-old Charolais-Hereford crossbred heifers, three 16-mo-old Angus steers, and four 18-mo-old Angus steers. Immediately after slaughter, longissimus muscles were removed for the extraction of FABP. Supernatant (S104) fractions containing 41.3 to 144 mg of protein (depending on animal group) were eluted over Sephadex columns, and elution fractions were analyzed for the binding of radiolabeled palmitoyl-coenzyme A (CoA). Specific activities of FABP were 23, 32, and 101 nmol palmitoyl-CoA bound/mg protein for the Charolais-Hereford, 16-mo-old Angus, and 18-mo-old Angus cattle, respectively. These preliminary results suggested that longissimus muscle FABP activity was positively correlated with marbling score. To test specifically for this possibility, longissimus muscle was obtained at slaughter from each of four Wagyu steers, Angus heifers and Braford heifers. Marbling scores taken at the 12th-13th rib junction were Sm45, Sm43, and SI50 for the Wagyu, Angus, and Braford cattle, respectively. Interfascicular adipose tissue was exhaustively removed from sections of the 5th to 8th thoracic region of the longissimus muscle to eliminate any contribution of adipose tissue to FABP activity. For each animal, 300 mg of the S104 were eluted over Sephadex columns. Specific activities for the Wagyu, Angus, and Braford longissimus muscle FABP were 3.1, 3.8, and 3.9 pmol palmitoyl-CoA bound/mg protein, respectively, and were not different (P greater than .05) among the three animal groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Moore, K. K., Ekeren, P. A., Lunt, D. K., & Smith, S. B.