Development of Surface Morphology in Multilayered Films Prepared by Layer-by-Layer Deposition Using Poly(acrylic acid) and Hydrophobically Modified Poly(ethylene oxide)
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We report the fabrication of free-standing multilayered thin films based on the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition method. The isolation of multilayer thin film allows us to characterize the materials properties of such films in great detail. Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and hydrophdbically modified poly(ethylene oxide) (HM-PEO) multilayer films have been prepared using the LbL method based upon hydrogen-bonding interactions. The LbL film composition and thermal properties were obtained as a function of the number of layer pairs using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) as well as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Above the critical number of layer pairs, the HM-PEO/PAA multilayer films exhibit complex surface structure owing to the hydrophobic nature of HM-PEO (i.e., micelle formation). The unique surface morphology was studied using optical microscopy and fluorescence microscopy, where pyrene dyes incorporated into the hydrophobic cores of HM-PEO micelles allowed us to monitor the sites of HM-PEO micelles. We demonstrate that the film morphology can be controlled by varying the solvent polarity, temperature, and molecular weight of HM-PEO. It is also noted that the introduction of hydrophobic moieties in PEO significantly facilitates the film isolation from various substrates, yielding free-standing multilayer films. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Seo, J., Lutkenhaus, J. L., Kim, J., Hammond, P. T., & Char, K.